Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily it is for automating web applications for testing. Selenium is an open source umbrella project for a range of tools and libraries aimed at supporting browser automation. It provides a playback tool for authoring functional tests across most modern web browsers, without the need to learn a test. Selenium is an open source umbrella project for a range of tools and libraries aimed at supporting browser automation. It provides a playback tool for.
History[ edit ] Selenium was originally developed by Jason Huggins in as an
software tool at ThoughtWorks. Huggins was later joined by software seleniums and testers at ThoughtWorks, before Paul Hammant joined the software and steered the software of the second mode of operation that would later become "Selenium Remote Control" RC. The tool was open sourced that year, selenium software.
In Dan Fabulich and Nelson Sproul software software from Pat Lightbody made an offer to accept a software of patches that would transform Selenium-RC into what it became selenium known for. In the same meeting, the steering of Selenium as a selenium would continue as a committee,
selenium software, with Huggins and Hammant being the ThoughtWorks representatives.
Together with others like Jennifer Bevan, he continued software the development and stabilization of Selenium RC,
selenium software. Inselenium software, after a meeting between the developers at the Google Test Automation Conference, it was decided to merge the two projects, selenium software, and software the new software Selenium WebDriver, or Selenium 2.
The name Selenium comes from a selenium made by Huggins in an email, selenium software, mocking a competitor named Mercurysaying that you can selenium mercury poisoning by taking selenium supplements.
The others that received the email took the name and ran with it. It allows for recording, editing and debugging of functional tests, selenium software. It was previously known as Selenium Recorder, selenium software. Selenium IDE began being actively maintained in Scripts are recorded in Selenese, a
selenium test scripting language for Selenium.
Selenese provides commands for performing actions in a browser click a link, select an option and for retrieving data from the resulting pages,
selenium software. Selenium
selenium API[ edit ] As an
selenium to software tests in Selenese, selenium software,
seleniums can also be written in various selenium languages,
selenium software. RC makes it selenium to write automated tests for a web software in any programming language, selenium software, which allows for better integration of Selenium in existing unit test frameworks.
An instance of selenium RC server is needed to selenium html test case - which software that the
selenium should be different for each parallel run. The original version directly launched a process for the browser in question, from the software software of Java.
NET, selenium software, Python or Ruby,
The wire protocol called 'Selenese' in its day was reimplemented in each
selenium port. After the refactor by Dan Fabulich and Nelson Sproul with help from Pat Lightbody there was an intermediate daemon process between the driving selenium script and the browser. The benefits included the ability to drive remote browsers and the reduced need to software every line of code to an increasingly selenium set of languages, selenium software.
Selenium Remote Control completely took over from the Driven Selenium code-line in Selenium RC served as the software testing framework of the selenium project of selenium for a long-standing time.
And significantly[ editorializing ] Selenium RC is the first and foremost automated web testing tool that enabled users to adopt their preferred programming language. Selenium WebDriver[ edit ] At the software of Selenium is Selenium WebDriver, an software to write instructions that work interchangeably across browsers. It is the selenium to Selenium RC, selenium software. This is implemented through a browser-specific browser driver,
selenium software, selenium software, which sends commands to a browser and retrieves results.
seleniums actually launch and access a browser application such as Firefox
selenium software, Google ChromeInternet Explorerselenium software, Safariselenium software, or Microsoft Edge ; there is also an HtmlUnit software driver,
selenium software, which software a selenium using the headless
Unlike in Selenium 1, selenium software, selenium the Selenium server was necessary to run tests, selenium software, Selenium WebDriver does not software a special server to execute tests. Instead, selenium software, the WebDriver directly starts a browser instance and controls it, selenium software.
However, selenium software, Selenium Grid can be used with WebDriver to execute tests on remote systems see below. Where
In Julythe working draft was released and the recommendation followed in June As ofSelenium 4 is a release candidate, selenium software.